|Effects of Acupuncture on Menopausal Hot Flashes and Sleep Quality in Women With Natural Menopause: A Single Arm Clinical Trial|
|Tahereh Fathi Najafi1, Sareh Dashti1, Leila Pourali2, Hoda Azizi3, Sepideh Jabarzadeh Ganje1|
|1Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3Department of Chinese and Complementary Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
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Keywords : Acupuncture, Menopause, Hot flushes
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Objectives: Hot flush (HF) is a common menopausal symptom and can cause dysfunction in different aspects of living. Due to the concerns about hormonal treatment, non-medical methods, including acupuncture, are suggested for managing HFs. This study aimed to assess the effect of acupuncture on HF episodes and sleep quality in menopausal women.
Materials and Methods: This single-arm clinical trial was performed on 26 menopausal women who were referred to the gynecologic clinic of a tertiary hospital in Mashhad, Iran between December 2018 and December 2019. The menopausal state was documented based on hormonal tests. Participants underwent acupuncture 3 times a week (7 acupuncture points based on traditional Korean medicine) for 4 weeks. The duration of each session was 20 min. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was filled for each participant at baseline, at the end of the intervention, and after 6 and 12 weeks of follow-up.
Results: The mean age of participants was 51.96 ± 3.53. Moderate and low knowledge about menopause were reported in 50% and 34.6% of the participants, respectively. Reduced spousal interest was reported by 15.4% of the participants. Acupuncture significantly improved HFs, sleep disorders and sleep quality, and sleep latency subscales of PSQI (P<0.05).
Conclusions: Acupuncture could reduce HFs and improve sleep quality in menopausal women. The effects of acupuncture with medical interventions should be evaluated in future studies.
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