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Oct 2018, Vol 6, Issue 4
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Original Article
Maternal Mortality Ratio in Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Priority of Reproductive Health
Fatemeh Nahidi1, Mahboubeh Hajifoghaha2
1Reproductive Health and the Midwifery Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Student Research Office, Reproductive Health and the Midwifery Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


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Keywords : Eastern Mediterranean, Iran, Maternal mortality, Reproductive health
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Abstract
Objectives: The maternal mortality reduction is a key international sustainable development goals. While maternal mortality ratio has changed in Eastern Mediterranean Region, but trend of maternal deaths in these countries is more important. This review article provides current situation and trend of maternal mortality ratio in the Eastern Mediterranean Region between 1990 and 2015.

Material and methods: In this review, country profiles and data were obtained through UNDPA, UNICEF, UNDP, WHO and World Bank websites. Then, a literature search was performed in PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and Google Scholar.

Results: 36 out of 66 studies met all criteria and were chosen for analysis. All countries of this region were showing a downward trend (54%) between 1990 and 2015, and this change varied from 16.30% in Yemen to 76.56% in Lebanon. The maternal mortality reduction was 69.88% in Iran in the same time window.

Conclusion: Although all countries of Eastern Mediterranean region were showing a downward trend in maternal mortality ratio, but this trend was not the same in all countries. It is needed to boost regional efforts to further reduce maternal deaths and achieve sustainable development goals by 2030.

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