|Laparoscopic Cystectomy of Endometrioma Outcomes on Follicle Stimulating Hormone and Anti-Müllerian Hormone Levels as Predictors of the Ovarian Reserve|
|Ruswana Anwar, Agnes Wijaya, David Halim, Kemala Isnainiasih Mantilidewi, Saskia Medinawati Soraya, Tono Djuwantono, Wiryawan Permadi, Budi Handono, Sofie Krisnadi, Jusuf Effendi, Duddy Nataprawira|
|Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran/Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia|
IJWHR 2023; 11: 037-041
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Keywords : Anti-Müllerian hormone, Cystectomy, Endometrioma, Follicle stimulating hormone, Laparoscopy, Ovarian reserve
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Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effect of a laparoscopic cystectomy on ovarian reserve assessed by measuring the levels of serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH).
Materials and Methods: This prospective, analytical study measured the changes of basal FSH and AMH in endometrioma patients undergoing laparoscopic cystectomy in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital from June to August 2016. An informed written consent was obtained from all patients prior to the study. Their FSH and AMH serum levels were examined one month before and after the surgery.
Results: A total of 31 patients were included in the study and divided into two groups based on two age ranges of 20-35 years (n=16) and 36-42 years (n=15). It was found that the FSH serum levels increased whereas the AMH serum levels decreased in both groups after laparoscopic cystectomy (P<0.001).
Conclusions: Laparoscopic cystectomy of patients with reduced endometrioma ovarian reserve was characterized by elevation of FSH serum levels and reduction of AMH serum levels.
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