|The Suitability of the Health Belief Model as an Assessment Framework for Women With Breast Ill-Health|
|Agatha Ogunkorode1, Lorraine Holtslander2, Linda Ferguson2, Johanna, E. Maree3, June Anonson2, Vivian R. Ramsden4, Deborah, T. Esan1, Isaiah, D. Owoeye1|
|1Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University of Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti-State, Nigeria
2College of Nursing, 104, clinic Place, E wing Health Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
3Department of Nursing Education, School of Therapeutic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
4Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada
IJWHR 2021; 9: 249-257
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Keywords : Late-stage breast ill-health, Breast cancer, Health belief model, Women, Southwestern Nigeria, Nigeria
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Objectives: Globally, breast cancer is the commonest cancer in women. Empirical literature indicate that it is the second cause of cancer-related mortality in high-resource regions, while it is the most common cause of cancer-related deaths among women in poor-resource regions. This study presents the suitability of the health belief model (HBM) as a framework for carrying out a comprehensive assessment of women with late-stage breast cancer in Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: This qualitative study employed interpretive description as its methodological approach, while the HBM was the conceptual framework. Two institutional review boards granted approval to conduct the study. Thirty women with advanced breast cancer were recruited for the study using purposeful sampling techniques. Components of the original HBM were identified to carry out the investigation. Data analysis was inductive.
Results: Findings indicated that the participants viewed breast cancer as a definite threat- both as a spiritual attack – an arrow shot by the enemy, and as a killer disease. Many of their perceptions appeared to be culturally based, while others were based on their individual experiences. They perceived some benefits to both traditional and medical treatment options.
Conclusions: Interventions that address people’s cultural and individual perceptions enables a comprehensive assessment of the patients with breast cancer, which can improve the treatment outcomes and survival rates of disease.
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