|Comparison of General Anesthesia With Spinal Anesthesia on the Quality of Recovery of Patients With Selective Abdominal Hysterectomy in Patients Visiting the Largest Women’s Disease Hospital in Northwestern Iran|
|Mir Mohammad Taghi Mortazavi1, Masoud Parish1, Abbasali Dorosti1, Hassan Mohammadipour Anvari2|
|1Department of Anesthesiology, Medicine Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Anesthesiology and Operating Room, Allied Medical Sciences Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Tabriz, Iran
IJWHR 2022; 10: 025-030
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Keywords : Recovery, Hysterectomy, Spinal anesthesia, General anesthesia
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Objectives: The quality of recovery can affect the results of abdominal hysterectomy although this effect is unknown in different methods of anesthesia. Therefore, the present study was conducted to compare general anesthesia (GA) and spinal anesthesia (SA) methods on the quality of the recovery of patients with selective abdominal hysterectomy in patients visiting the largest women’s disease hospital in Northwestern Iran.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with the participation of 350 patients with abdominal hysterectomy, who were selected by convenience sampling in Al-Zahra hospital, Tabriz, Iran in 2019. Demographic data, visual pain scale, hemodynamic status, and Aldrete-Kroulik index were recorded for each patient. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney, t-test, multivariate regression, and Kolmogorov-Simonov tests in SPSS 20, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: In the hemodynamic status, it was found that the SA group was more stable than the GA group but this difference was not significant (P > 0.05). Regarding the need for pethidine, the results revealed that the mean (± standard deviation) of the GA group was significantly higher (35.14 ± 10.14) than that of the SA group (20.15 ± 05.25, P = 0.039) while there were no significant differences between the two groups in the use of the antiemetic drug (P = 0.203). Finally, the evaluations of the quality of recovery showed that the mean±) SD) of the quality of recovery in SA patients was significantly higher compared to GA patients (P = 0.015).
Conclusions: In general, the quality of recovery was higher in the SA compared to the GA regarding abdominal hysterectomy.
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