|Effectiveness of Motivationally Tailored Interventions on Cervical Cancer Screening: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis|
|Parvin Pourebrahim-Alamdari1, Esmat Mehrabi2, Neda Nikkhesal3, Roghaiyeh Nourizadeh2, Khalil Esmaeilpour4, Saeed Mousavi5|
|1Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Midwifery Department, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of 9 Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Midwifery Department, Islamic Azad University of Bonab, Iran
4Faculty of Psychology, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran
5Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of 13 Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
IJWHR 2021; 9: 086-090
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Keywords : Motivational intervention, Counseling, Motivational interview, Cervical cancer screening, Pap smear, Protection motivation theory
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Objectives: Cervical cancer is preventable through cervical cancer screening. People may be unwilling to take screening tests when they are healthy, and performing regular screening tests largely depends on motivational factors. Accordingly, the present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of motivationally tailored interventions on women’s cervical cancer screening.
Materials and Methods: In this systematic review, the electronic databases of the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Google Scholar were searched for all interventional studies (i.e., trials, pre- and post-test, or quasi-experimental ones) published before 2019. Then, the Cochrane tool was implemented to evaluate the quality of trial studies (7 articles).
Results: This systematic review study included 7 articles with 1337 female participants. The result of our study showed that different motivational interventions (MIs) (i.e., face-to-face interviews, consultation sessions or calls, and educational programs) can effectively improve cervical cancer screening behavior in women.
Conclusions: Overall, motivational interventions (MIs) seem to be effective in cervical cancer screening.
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