|How Is the Quality and Quantity of Primary Dysmenorrhea Affected by Physical Exercises? A Study Among Iranian Students|
|Fatemeh Fallah1, Mani Mirfeizi2|
|1Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
2Department of Midwifery, College of Nursing & Midwifery, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
IJWHR 2018; 6: 060-066
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Keywords : Physical activity, Massage, Stretching, Primary dysmenorrhea
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Objectives: This study intended to evaluate the effect of 3 exercise programs on reducing symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea among some Iranian school girls.
Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial study was conducted on 70 students aged 15-18 years with primary dysmenorrhea. They were randomly assigned into 4 different groups: stretch group (n = 19), massage group (n = 19), combined group (n = 21), and control group (n = 19). To evaluate the effect, the treatment was applied as 8 weeks of physical activity, 3 sessions a week, twice a day, 10 minutes for massage group, 20 minutes for stretching group and 20 minutes for combination group and without exercise for control group on primary dysmenorrhea. Moreover, to measure the intensity and severity of pain McGill?s questionnaire were used.
Results: The results revealed that performing a regular physical activity led to a significant reduction in the severity of dysmenorrhea pain (P < 0.05), Pain Rate Index (PRI ) (P < 0.05), visual analog scale (VAS) (P < 0.05), present pain intensity (PPI) and total pain according to McGill?s short form questionnaire (TP) (P < 0.05), and volume of bleeding (P < 0.05) in the 3 groups.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that lifestyle modifications including some physical activities would decrease the quality and quantity of pain in primary dysmenorrhea such as duration and intensity of pain.
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