|Evaluation of the Effect of Corrected Nutrition on Reduction of Stress in Gestational Diabetes|
|Mohtaram Andalib1, Ramazan Hassanzadeh1, Farhad Mashayekh Bakhshi2|
|1Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
2Department of Endocrinology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
IJWHR 2016; 4: 114?118
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Keywords : Blood glucose, Diabetes mellitus, Education, Gestational, Nutritional status, Self-care, Stress, Women
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Objectives: Gestational diabetes is defined as impaired glucose tolerance during early pregnancy. Many evidence showed that proper regimen and physical activity have inhibitory effect on incidence of gestational diabetes. In many guidelines, it is advised for performing screening tests for gestational diabetes in early stages of pregnancy and post-partum consulting for changes in life style.
Materials and Methods: In this study, 40 pregnant women with gestational diabetes were enrolled. In this study, 40 pregnant women with gestational diabetes were enrolled. In this research an experimental design with pre-test and post-test and control group, in the form of a written program to reduce stress among pregnant women was carried out. The effectiveness of the educational principles of nutrition in diabetes program to reduce the stress was evaluated in experimental group and control group that did not receive any training.
Results: The results indicate the effect of reducing stress in trained pregnant women. Also the effect of nutrition training on blood sugar, the results indicate a reduction in HbA1C levels compared to the control group.
Conclusion: Due to the impact of education on reducing maternal stress and glycemia control and pregnancy, it is recommended to target the education of proper nutrition and self-care in pregnant women even in patient with diabetes type 2, as a simple and cheap therapeutic procedure.
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