|Zero Mother Mortality Preeclampsia Program: Opportunity for a Rapid Acceleration in the Decline of Maternal Mortality Rate in Indonesia|
|Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, University of Padjadjaran, Indonesia|
IJWHR 2021; 9: 160-163
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Keywords : Maternal mortality, Preeclampsia, Prevention
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Objectives: Maternal mortality rate (MMR) in Indonesia was reported to be 305 per 100,000 live births. Preeclampsia is the first target to decrease because it is one of the preventable pregnancy complications. Currently, preeclampsia has patterns for treatment from early detection to delivery; therefore, reasonable chances of decreasing the MMR rapidly and significantly should be considered in Indonesia.
Materials and Methods: The reasons for choosing preeclampsia for reducing MMR included an early detection method, availability of affordable medication for the prevention of preeclampsia, development of a national guideline for medical practice regarding preeclampsia, establishment of health institutions by government and the private sector in remote areas, and availability of sufficient health personnel.
Results: Early detection of risk factors of preeclampsia is of great importance. Recommended preventive medication includes a combination of acetyl salicylic acid and calcium for 12 weeks for a high-risk group. National guidelines for the management of preeclampsia should be distributed to all hospitals including those covered by national health insurance.
Conclusions: The goal of zero mother mortality preeclampsia program is to make policies for all health workers and the general public so that the prevention process can take place. Delivery of all cases with hypertension should be performed in the hospital without exception so no delivery should be performed at home without specialist supervision.