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Oct 2020, Vol 8, Issue 4
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Original Article
The Relationship Between Sexual Self-concept and Mental Body Image in Women With Breast Cancer
Safieh Gooran1, Masoumeh Simbar2, Sepideh Hajian3, Soheila Nazarpour4, Malihe Nasiri5, Jeno Martin1
1Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Department of Midwifery, Chalous Branch, Islamic Azad University, Chalous, Iran
5Department of Biostatistics, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

IJWHR 2020; 8: 383-388
DOI: 10.15296/ijwhr.2020.61
Viewed : 161 times
Downloaded : 284 times.

Keywords : Breast cancer, Sexual self-concept, Body image
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Abstract
Objectives: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. In addition, it is the most mentally powerful cancer in women due to affecting the most important female sexual part. Patients with breast cancer experience problems in their marital relationship because of their disrupted mental image and sexual relations. In this regard, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between sexual self-concept and mental body image in women with breast cancer.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 120 women with breast cancer. Using a convenience sampling technique, patients were selected from among those hospitalized in the selected hospitals of Tehran in 2018. Data were collected using demographic details, the Multidimensional Sexual Self-Concept Questionnaire (MSSCQ), and the Fisher’s Body Focus questionnaire. Finally, the data were statistically analyzed in SPSS-21.

Results: According to the descriptive and analytical statistics, women with breast cancer obtained the highest scores in avoiding risky sex and sexual problem prevention while the lowest scores in terms of sexual preoccupation. Based on the results, there was no disruption in the body image of any of the examined women. Eventually, a significant correlation was observed between sexual self-concept and body image (P < 0.001, r = 0.4).

Conclusions: In general, body image has a positive relationship with sexual self-concept in women with breast cancer and is considered an important predictor of sexual health and behaviors of this group. Accordingly, psychological interventions, along with midwifery and sexual consultations offered by trained personnel can help empower these patients.

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