|Prediction of Placenta Accreta Using Hyperglycosylated Human Chorionic Gonadotropin|
|Maad Mahdi Shalal1, Shaymaa Kadhim Jasim1, Huda Khalil Abd2|
|1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
2Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City Directorate, Ministry of Health, Baghdad, Iraq
IJWHR 2020; 8: 142-146
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Keywords : Hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotropin, Prediction, Placenta accreta
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Objectives: Hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a variant of hCG. In addition, it has a different oligosaccharide structure compared to the regular hCG and promotes the invasion and differentiation of peripheral cytotrophoblast. This study aimed to measure hyperglycosylated hCG as a predictor in the diagnosis of placenta accreta.
Materials and Methods: In general, 90 pregnant women were involved in this case-control study among which, 30 ladies (control group) were pregnant within the gestational age of ≥36 weeks with at least one previous caesarean section and a normal sited placenta in transabdominal ultrasound (TAU). The other 60 pregnant women (case group) were within a gestational age of ≥36 weeks at least, one previous caesarean section and placenta previa with or without signs of placenta accreta in TAU. Hyperglycosylated hCG and total hCG were measured in each group and the results of the surgery were followed up.
Results: Hyperglycosylated hCG showed higher serum levels in patients with placenta accreta compared to those with placenta previa and control women. Hyperglycosylated hCG with an optimal cut point of (3) IU/L predicted placenta accreta in pregnant women with 90% specificity, 76.7% sensitivity, and 81.1% accuracy.
Conclusions: The high specificity of the above approach makes it a good diagnostic tool (as a single test) for confirming placenta accreta in clinical settings. When this test is added to our established workup, its high positive predictive value makes it a suitable method within the algorithm of accreta confirmation when there is a high suspicion or insufficient evidence to the diagnosis of placenta accreta.
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