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Oct 2019, Vol 7, Issue 4
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Review
The Effect of Herbal Medicine Supplementation on Clinical and Para-clinical Outcomes in Women With PCOS: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Nava Ainehchi1, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili2, Aliyeh Ghasemzadeh1, Kobra Hamdi1, Arash Khaki1, Elaheh Ouladsahebmadarek1, Abbas Delazar3, Fahimeh Bakhtyari2, Masoumeh Mazandarani4
1Women’s Reproductive Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Aging Research Institute, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Research Center for Evidence based Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Department of Botany, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran

IJWHR 2019; 7: 423–433
DOI: 10.15296/ijwhr.2019.72
Viewed : 176 times
Downloaded : 261 times.

Keywords : Polycystic ovary syndrome, Zingiber officinale, Mentha spicata, Cinnamomum zeylanicum Nees, Medicinal herb
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Abstract
Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the impact of Cinnamomum verum, Mentha spicata, Zingiberene officinal on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) treatment.

Materials and Methods: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, ProQuest, Clinicaltrial.gov, and for Persian articles SID, Magiran, Irandoc, and Iranmedex were searched without any time limitation.

Results: Thirteen randomized controlled trials (RCTs) consisting 668 women were entered in the meta-analysis. Significant differences in fasting blood sugar (FBS; weighted mean difference (WMD)=-3.69 mg/dL, 95% CI: -6.67 to -0.7, P = 0.02; 241 participants), fasting insulin (WMD = -4.53 μIU/mL, 95% CI: -6.45 to -2.61, P < 0.001;183 participants), triglyceride (TG; WMD = -17.97 mg/dL, 95% CI: -30.51 to -5.43, P = 0.005;183 participants), total cholesterol (TC; WMD=-14.60 mg/dL, 95% CI: -22.93 to -6.26, P = 0.0006; 183 participants), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL; WMD = -16.58 mg/dL, 95% CI -23.91 to -9.24, P < 0.001; 183 participants), malondialdehyde (MDA; WMD = -0.25 nmol/ml, 95% CI -0.41 to -0.09, P < 0.002;124 participants), total testosterone (TT; WMD = -0.18 ng/mL, 95% CI -0.27 to -0.09, P < 0.001; 116 participants), free testosterone (FT; WMD = -5.47 pg/mL, 95% CI -8.34 to -2.61, P = 0.0002;78 participants) were obtained by using cinnamon alone and herbal mixture containing cinnamon in comparison to control.

Conclusions: This meta-analysis showed that cinnamon alone and herbal mixture containing cinnamon improve level of FBS, fasting insulin, TG, TC, LDL, MDA, TT, and FT serum level.

Supplementary Materials
Supplementary file 1 contains Figure S1 and Tables S1-S3

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Articles by Ainehchi N
Articles by Farshbaf-khalili A
Articles by Ghasemzadeh A
Articles by Hamdi K
Articles by Khaki A
Articles by Delazar A
Articles by Bakhtyari F
Articles by Mazandarani M

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Articles by Nava Ainehchi
Articles by Aliyeh Ghasemzadeh
Articles by Kobra Hamdi
Articles by Arash Khaki
Articles by Abbas Delazar
Articles by Fahimeh Bakhtyari

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