|Study of the Effects of Simple exercise With or Without Physiotherapy on Prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis Among Postmenopausal Women Requiring Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (cABG)|
|Khosrow Hashemzadeh1, Marjan Dehdilani2, Mehdi Khanbabayi Gol3|
|1Department of Heart Surgery,Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Anesthesiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences Tabriz, Iran
3Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
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Keywords : DVT, CABG, prevention, exercise, physiotherapy
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Objectives: Menopause is one of the risk factors for DVT that may increase its likelihood after cABG;hence it’s essentially advised to prevent DVT. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of simple exercise with and without physiotherapy on prevention of deep vein thrombosis in postmenopausal women requiring coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Materials and Methods:This quasi-experimental study which was carried out during the last six months ending in July 2019 in Tabriz Shahid Madani Hospital was performed with34 patients. It’s important to note that the participants were opted for based on random sampling.The experimental group, namely Exercise group(N=17)did cardiovascular exercise for 40 minutes the day before surgery; however, in addition to exercise the other group received physiotherapy for each leg for a period of 15 minutes.DVT diagnosis blood tests, clinical examinations, and Doppler sonography were performed and recorded in all participants’ portfolio. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software. The SPSS tests included Kolmogorov-Smirnov,paired t-test and independent t-test at the significance level of 0.05.
Results:The results of intra-group DVT and blood tests both before and after the intervention revealed a statistically significant difference in three variables, namely RBC, Hgb, Hct(P≤0.05);however, no statistically significant differences were reported considering the other variables(P≥0.11).In contrast, in the case of inter-group variations, a comparison of the results of the two groups presented no statistically significant difference in none of the variables studied(P≥0.15).
Conclusions:A light exercise session either with or without physiotherapy did not have any positive effects on the prevention of DVT in postmenopausal women in need of cABG.
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