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Apr 2019, Vol 7, Issue 2
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Quality of Life and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Review Article
Mokhlesi S1, Simbar M2 , Ramezani Tehrani F3, Kariman N4, Alavi majd H5
1Student Research Committee, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health , School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Gynecology , Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health , School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5Department of Biostatistics,Faculty of Paramedical Sciences,Shahid Beheshti Medical University, Tehran, Iran


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Keywords : Pregnancy, Gestational diabetes, Quality of life
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Abstract

Objectives: High-risk pregnancies can affect the quality of life of pregnant women due to their complications. Quality of life involves different dimensions of physical, psychological and social health of individuals. Assessing the quality of life, especially in mothers with gestational diabetes, is important in planning for maternal and newborn care and understanding the need for care for policymakers and health care association. The aim of this study was to review the effects of gestational diabetes on quality of life in pregnancy.

Materials and Methods: In this present study, articles indexed in the databases PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Google Scholar, SID, Magiran were used. In this review, articles related to the quality of life of mothers with gestational diabetes have evaluated.

Results: The series of reviewed articles includes 10 articles on the physical, psychological and social dimensions of the quality of life of mothers with gestational diabetes. Most of the papers examined in this study did not find any significant change in the physical dimension of quality of life of mothers with gestational diabetes. The psychological effects of gestational diabetes are diverse and less understandable, where the results of studies in this regard are contradictory. Three out of four studies which had dealt with examining the social dimension of quality of life of women with gestational diabetes showed that their quality of life can be jeopardized in the social dimension.

Conclusion: The results showed that various physical, psychological and social dimensions of quality of life of mothers with gestational diabetes could be affected, as well as to reduce fear, anxiety, and depression in mothers with diabetes should be given adequate education to women for gestational diabetes.

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