|Positive Consequences of Declining Fertility: Socio-Economic Analysis of Punjab Pakistan|
|Javaria Sarwar1, A.R. Chaudhary1|
|1Department of Economics,National College of Business Administration & Economics, Lahore, Pakistan|
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Keywords : Fertility, Employment Rate, Under-Five Mortality, Punjab
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Objectives: The present paper involves discovering the behaviour of fertility differentials across districts of Punjab, Pakistan. The objective is to investigate some salient determinants of fertility differential through fitted regression line and scatter plot including confidence interval.
Materials and Methods:Data in this study is gathered from Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2013-14. Regression analysis isused to investigate the relationship of fertility determinants, two-way scatter plot and confidence intervals are plotted.For the empirical analysis, Total Fertility Rate is taken as an outcome variable while employment rate, under-five mortality and contraceptive use were considered as determinants.
Results:The outcome of this study is that child mortality is a very significant variable in determining the level of fertility and it has the coefficient value of .0096. It is found that child mortality has a negative relationship with fertility rates.So it might be reduced to overcome the issue of high fertility rates at the district level of Punjab. Contraceptive use is also a very effective variable in determining the level of fertility and have the negative coefficient value of -.033.Instead, employment rates is a very useful variable for the determination of fertility level.
Conclusions: The empirical results revealed that child mortality should reduce to decrease the level of fertility in Punjab, Pakistan and contraceptive use should wide through family planning programs.
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