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Jan 2019, Vol 7, Issue 1
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Original Article
The Effects of Health Promotion Model on Preventive Behaviors of Osteoporosis During Premenopausal Period in Employed Women ; A Quasi Experimental
Mahsa Askarian, Iran Jahanbin, Fatemeh Vizeshfar, Zahra Yazdanpanahi, Hamideh Mohseni
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz, Iran, Islamic Republic Of


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Keywords : Health promotion, Osteoporosis, Pre-menopause, Women
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Abstract

Objectives: Osteoporosis is one of the big health problems and it is also the most prevalent debilitating metabolic disorder among women. Pender's model is a conceptual framework which describes wide range of health behaviors, was selected to assess the behavioral changes in this study.

Material and Methods:About 122 of women aged between 30-45 were selected to take part in this Quasi experimental study. The samples were split into experimental and control groups with blocking method size 4 according to the block randomization method. The educational program was based on Pender's model,performed weekly. The reliable and valid Pender's questionnaire based on preventive behaviors of osteoporosis was filled out before and two months after interventions by both groups. SPSS 18 was used for data analysis.

Results: In terms of qualitative and quantitative demographic characteristics, there was no meaning differences between two groups so they were similar (P>0.05). Mean difference(MD) score of the perceived benefits and barriers, perceived self-efficiency, programming, competing demand, and their commitment for planning actions increased in experimental group after interventions (P<0.001). However, there was no important increase in mean score of social support for preventive behaviors of osteoporosis in experimental group after intervention (P>0.05).

Conclusion: It can be assumed that teaching preventive behaviors of osteoporosis through Pender's health promotion model was effective. Considering the findings, it is obvious that continuing this program can maintain and consolidate the changes which have been made in behaviors.

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