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Jan 2019, Vol 7, Issue 1
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Original Article
Investigation of the Difference in Gender and Childbirth Costs with Postpartum Depression
Farnaz Sadat Seyyed Ahmadinejad1, Naeimeh Tayebi2, Mehrdad Khatami3
1Department of Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery School, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran
2School of Nursing and Midwifery, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran
3School of Medicine, Bam University of Medical Sciences, Bam, Iran


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Keywords : Gender differences, Child, postpartum depression, Women, Population growth
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Abstract

Objectives: Pregnancy and childbirth are physiological events and in most cases, they are pleasant; but sometimes they are associated with complications that can be dangerous for the mother and infant if left unattended. The child's gender can have emotional-psychological, economic, social and normative dimensions for different people. Therefore, this study investigates the difference in gender and child birth costs with postpartum depression.

Materials and Methods: The present  research cross-sectionaly studies 260 primiparous women as the sample. The samples were selected by convenient-nonprobabilitymethod of sampling. () A questionnaire and forms related to demographic information, infant gender, etc. were used to collect the data and were completed through interviews.

Results: In this study, 260 women were evaluated after delivery and the Prevalence of postpartum depression was 56.9%. A statistical relationship was obsereved between postpartum depression and unwanted pregnancy, delivery method, week of pregnancy, social and economic costs of having a child and gender. However, no significant relationship have been found between postpartum depression and maternal aging, and individual costs of having a child.

Conclusions: Postpartum depression has a high prevalence in our society in which almost one mother out of two mothers is involved with depression problem, and it affects on health of the mother, infant and the whole family. Therefore, it seems that postpartum depression should be considered as an essential component of postpartum care.

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