|Women’s Experiences of Infection with Human Papillomavirus in the Face of Disease Symptoms: A Qualitative Study|
|Masoumeh Pourmohsen1,2, Masoumeh Simbar1,3, Fatemeh Nahidi1, Fereshteh Fakor4, Hamid Alavi Majd5|
|1Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Assistant Professor, Alzahra Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
5Department of Biostatistics, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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Keywords : Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Symptoms, Qualitative Study
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Objectives: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is known as one of the sexually transmitted diseases and also the main cause of cervical cancer with its own significant psychological problems. Considering the hidden social aspects associated with these behaviors and since no qualitative research had been already conducted in Iran, the present study was to explain women’s experiences of infection with human papillomavirus.
Materials and Methods: This qualitative research was conducted based on conventional content analysis. To this end, after obtaining participants’ consent, in-depth and semi-structured interviews were fulfilled with 20 individuals (13 women with HPV and 7 key informants).Data analysis was also carried out simultaneously with data collection.
Results: Following the extraction of the study codes, participants’ experiences in the face of HPV symptoms were grouped into two main categories of psychological responses (subcategories: concern, fear and panic;unbelievable acceptance, unpleasant feelings, individual’s response to the disease, as well as reactions by people, family, and husband in the face of the disease), and physical experiences of the disease (subcategories: clinical symptoms and long incubation period of the virus). Each subcategory also contained a code that was illustrated with statements provided by the study participants.
Conclusion: The results of this study highlighted the importance of understanding the risk of human papillomavirus. It was also recommended to provide preventive counseling in community health centers as well as advising and guiding patients in therapy clinics.
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