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Jul 2019, Vol 7, Issue 3
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Original Article
Attitude of Postmenopausal Women to the Menopause and Hormone Treatment (HT) in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria
Ijeoma V Ezeome1,2, Joseph O Ezugworie1,2, Theophilus O Nwankwo1,2
1Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus,Nigeria
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria

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Keywords : Attitude; Menopause, Hormone treatment, Enugu, Nigeria
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Objectives: Menopause is a naturally occurring event in which there is failure of a woman’s ovarian function, thus ending her ability to reproduce. However, the attitude of women to menopause and its treatment vary in different societies. We assessed postmenopausal women attitude and knowledge to the menopause and hormone treatment in a private specialist clinic in Enugu, Nigeria.

Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional survey of 400 consecutively selected women at the gynecologic clinic of a specialist hospital in Enugu through a structured questionnaire. Method of analysis was by descriptive statistics using SPSS version 17 software. Level of significance was with the Chi-square test and p value<0.05 considered significant. 

Results: The mean age of the respondents at menopause was48.4 years +/- 5.2 SD, and a range of 38-52years.300 (75%) women had at least primary education. Hot flush was the commonest symptom. While 236 (59%) of the respondents got their information from experience and older women, 64 (16%) were from books and internet. 148 (37%) of the women sought treatment in hospital. 196 (49%) of the respondents had heard of HT, mostly from their physician. Even though they were aware that HT relieves hot flushes, they were afraid of perceived side effects like cancer and heart disease. Of these however, 10.3% remain current users. Given adequate information, 37% of the respondents would like to use HT.

Conclusion: Increased number of postmenopausal women in Enugu, Nigeria seek relief in hospital and are becoming aware of hormone treatment.

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