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Apr 2019, Vol 7, Issue 2
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Original Article
Perception and Socio-cultural Barriers to the Acceptance of Caesarean Delivery in A Tertiary Hospital in Abakaliki, South East Nigeria
Lucky Osaheni Lawani, Francis Nwabueze Igboke, Chukwuemeka Ikechi Ukaegbe, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Chukwuemeka Anthony Iyoke, Fidelis Agwu Onu, Tagbo Anthony Agbata, Obiora Asiegbu
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Federal Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

IJWHR 2019; 7: 163-168
DOI: 10.15296/ijwhr.2019.27
Viewed : 742 times
Downloaded : 1084 times.

Keywords : Perception, Acceptance, Barriers, Caesarean section, Abakaliki, Nigeria
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Abstract

Objectives: Globally, caesarean section (CS) has immensely contributed to improved obstetric outcome in circumstances where vaginal delivery is not feasible. However, in some low-income countries, there is aversion to the procedure. The aim of this study was to determine the level of awareness and socio-cultural barriers to the acceptance of CS.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 344 parturients at Federal Teaching Hospital in Abakaliki, from October 1 to November 30, 2016. Data were collated using a self-administered questionnaire and was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 and conclusions were drawn by means of descriptive statistics.

Results: All the respondents were aware of CS as an operative abdominal procedure for delivery; of these, over one-tenth (14.0%; 48/344) had experienced the procedure previously. Over four-fifths (82.3%; 283/344) of those who have had a previous CS were wellinformed about the indications. About one-fifth (20.3%; 70/344) did not accept CS for any reasons. The major barriers to acceptance were being considered by peers as a reproductive failure (29.2%; 7/24), high cost (20.8%; 5/24) and religious beliefs (12.5%; 3/24).

Conclusions: Majority of antenatal attendees had a significant awareness of CS and the indications. Moreover, a vast majority had morbid aversion towards it; due to numerous, non-evidence based socio-cultural reasons. Therefore, adequate health education, female empowerment, access to free or affordable antenatal care service, elimination of harmful, religious/cultural beliefs and myth regarding caesarean delivery are necessary to curb this ugly trend if we hope to achieve the sustainable development goals related to maternal health.

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