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Jan 2019, Vol 7, Issue 1
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Review
Sexual Education and Women Empowerment in Health: A Review of Literatures
Khadigeh Mirzaiinajmabadi1, Malikeh Amel Barez2, Nader Sharifi3, Farangis Sharifi2
1Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2Student Research Committee, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3Research Center for Social Determinants of Health, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran


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Keywords : Empowerment, Health, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Sex education
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Abstract

Objectives: Women constitute almost 50% of the world’s population and play a number of roles in community. The aim of this study is to assess relation of sex education and women empowerment in health.

Materials and Methods: This study’s data obtained from review of literatures in electronic and non-electronic sites and using equivalent keywords until the last week of February 2018. Mesh terms, key words included in this research. Inclusion criteria for study were articles published from 2005 until February 2018. All of observation or interventional studies were included that met the search criteria and comprised the final samples were ten articles.

Results: Sex education have different effects on the sexual attitudes or sexual activities of women. Also it was effective in increasing of female college students' sexual autonomy. In addition, health providers’ contribution may improve that. In our study sex education programs are effective at increasing HIV/AIDS(Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) knowledge and condom using, reducing the risk of unprotected intercourse and STIs (Sexually transmitted infections), unplanned pregnancy and abortion. Abstinence-plus sex education programs increased health knowledge and reduce risky sexual behaviors.

Conclusions: Sex education is a critical tool for women empowerment in health through increasing of women health knowledge and related behaviors. A compilation program of sex education is more useful. It is necessary to try to place sex training in the educational curriculum in accordance with the culture of the countries.

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