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Jan 2019, Vol 7, Issue 1
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Original Article
Mental Health And Its Relationship With Social Support in Iranian Women With High -Risk Sexual Behaviors
FahimehSehhatie Shafaie1, Mojgan Mirghafourvand2, Sharare Amani3
1 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Midwifery, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Researches center of Tabriz faculty of Nursing and Midwifery,Tabriz, Iran


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Keywords : High risk sexual behaviors, Mental health, Social support,Women
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Abstract

Objectives : The violence and prostitution are one of the stressors in women with high-risk sexual behaviors and can create a psychological crisis in these women. The present study aimed to determine mental health and its relationship with social support in women with high -risk sexual behaviors referring to drop in centers in Tabriz, Iran in 2017.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on 149 women with high risk sexual behaviors, referring to 3 of the drop in centers in Tabriz, Iran. The sampling was purposive and non-random.  Data was collected using socio-demographic characteristics, social support (PRQ-part 85) and mental health(GHQ-28) questionnaires. A multivariate linear regression test was used to determine the predictors of mental health and explanation of variance.

Results: The mean (SD) total score of mental health of women was 50.7(18.2), the score ranged from 0-84. Best status belonged to depression sub scale [10.5 (7.1)] and the worst status belonged to social dysfunction sub scale [14.6 (4.5)]. There was a significant negative relationship between social support with mental health and its sub-scales (p<0.001, R= -0.55 to -0.33). The variables of social support, drug use and spousal violence were able to predict 35.4% of mental health variance in women.

Conclusion:The results showed that, the promotion of social support and mental health are necessary in women with high risk sexual behaviors in order to reduce the sexual transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS in society

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