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Jan 2019, Vol 7, Issue 1
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Original Article
Muscle Relaxation Comparing With Guided Imagery On Happiness and Fear of Child birth in Primiparous Women Admitted to Health Care Centers
Tahereh Boryri1, Ali Navidian2, Nasimeh Marghzari3
1Department of Midwifery, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2Department of Counseling, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences Zahedan, Iran
3Department of Midwifery, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences Zahedan, Iran


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Keywords : Happiness, Fear of Childbirth (FOC), Muscle Relaxation, Guided Imagery, primi parous
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Abstract

Objectives : Giving birth is as a unique experience requiring  a  pregnant woman’s  ability to cope with labor pain.  Using  happiness,  this potential  can give  to the pregnant woman. This study performed to compare the effect of muscle relaxation and guided imagery on happiness and fear of delivery in primiparous women.

Materials and Methods : This quasi-experimental study was carried out on a sample 0f  180 primiparous women who  referred to healthcare centers in 2017 . The subjects were selected by available sampling method. Brislin Questionnaire was used to evaluate he fear of childbirth and Oxford Questionnaire  was applied  to assess happiness    by. Through simple randomization, people who were qualified were included  in three groups of  relaxation, imagery and control.  A 4-week training program was done   for individual training.

Results: The mean scores  for  fear of childbirth  in the relaxation, guided imagery, and control groups before the intervention  were  39.51 ± 6.91, 44.00 ± 9.30 and 41.56 ± 9.37, respectively, and after the intervention,   they   were  30.45 ± 6.56, 34.78 ± 9.36 and 41.78 ± 8.69 respectively. The mean scores of fear of childbirth  after the intervention showed a significant difference among the groups (p = 0.0001). Mean scores  for  happiness in the relaxation, guided imagery, and control groups   before the intervention were  37.5 ± 15.54, 34.54 ± 17.72 and 36.78 ± 18.97 respectively, and after the intervention ,   they was 54.66 ± 14, 49.63 ± 17.05 and 36.65 ± 18.28 respectively. (p=0.0001)

Conclusion: To prevent unnecessary cesareans sections,  the   current study confirmed the effect of muscle relaxation and guided imagery techniques to reduce the fear of delivery and increase happiness.

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