|Muscle Relaxation Comparing With Guided Imagery On Happiness and Fear of Child birth in Primiparous Women Admitted to Health Care Centers|
|Tahereh Boryri1, Ali Navidian2, Nasimeh Marghzari3|
|1Department of Midwifery, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
2Department of Counseling, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences Zahedan, Iran
3Department of Midwifery, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences Zahedan, Iran
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Keywords : Happiness, Fear of Childbirth (FOC), Muscle Relaxation, Guided Imagery, primi parous
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Objectives : Giving birth is as a unique experience requiring a pregnant woman’s ability to cope with labor pain. Using happiness, this potential can give to the pregnant woman. This study performed to compare the effect of muscle relaxation and guided imagery on happiness and fear of delivery in primiparous women.
Materials and Methods : This quasi-experimental study was carried out on a sample 0f 180 primiparous women who referred to healthcare centers in 2017 . The subjects were selected by available sampling method. Brislin Questionnaire was used to evaluate he fear of childbirth and Oxford Questionnaire was applied to assess happiness by. Through simple randomization, people who were qualified were included in three groups of relaxation, imagery and control. A 4-week training program was done for individual training.
Results: The mean scores for fear of childbirth in the relaxation, guided imagery, and control groups before the intervention were 39.51 ± 6.91, 44.00 ± 9.30 and 41.56 ± 9.37, respectively, and after the intervention, they were 30.45 ± 6.56, 34.78 ± 9.36 and 41.78 ± 8.69 respectively. The mean scores of fear of childbirth after the intervention showed a significant difference among the groups (p = 0.0001). Mean scores for happiness in the relaxation, guided imagery, and control groups before the intervention were 37.5 ± 15.54, 34.54 ± 17.72 and 36.78 ± 18.97 respectively, and after the intervention , they was 54.66 ± 14, 49.63 ± 17.05 and 36.65 ± 18.28 respectively. (p=0.0001)
Conclusion: To prevent unnecessary cesareans sections, the current study confirmed the effect of muscle relaxation and guided imagery techniques to reduce the fear of delivery and increase happiness.
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