|Unintended Pregnancy in Iran: Prevalence and Its Risk Factors|
|Amir Almasi-Hashiani1, Reza Omani-Samani1, Mahdi Sepidarkish1, Farzad Khodamoradi2, Mehdi Ranjbaran1|
|1Department of Epidemiology and Reproductive Health, Reproductive Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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Keywords : Unintended pregnancy, Risk Factors, Iran
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Objectives: Unintended pregnancy that defined as mistimed or unwanted pregnancy is one of the main issues in reproductive health all over the worlds.This study aims to determine prevalence and risk factors of unintended pregnancy among Iranian women.
Materials and methods: 5152 deliveries in 103 hospitals were included in this cross-sectional study in 2015. This study is a part of a survey of twin or multiple pregnancies in Tehran, Iran. The required data were gathered at the time of delivery or two or three days later for unstable women. The sampling procedure was carried out for two weeks. All women with any delivery method, regardless of being primiparous or not and pregnancy outcome were included in the study.
Results: Prevalence of unintended pregnancy in Iran was estimated 19.81%. In univariate analysis; mean of mother’s age, father’s age, number of pregnancies and number of deliveries in unintended pregnancies were significantly higher than intended pregnancies. In addition, unintended pregnancy in housewifeand women with low education and low economic status was more prevalent. In multiple logistic regression, economic status and number of deliveries were the main predicting factors of unintended pregnancy.
Conclusion: The prevalence of unintended pregnancy in Iran is lower than in other countries but preventive actions and educational health programs for mothers still should be considered to minimize this prevalence and thereby reducing the consequences for mother and baby.
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