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Jul 2018, Vol 6, Issue 3
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Original Article
Relationship Between Gestational Diabetes and Maternal Body Mass Index For Three Years Children
Maryam Javadian Kutenaie1, Parvin Sajadi Kaboodi2, Zinatossadat Bouzari1, Mohsen Haghshenas Mojaveri3, Seyedeh Fatemeh Shahkoi4, Soheil Ebrahimpour5
1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
2Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
3Department of Pediatric, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
4Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
5Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran


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Keywords : Gestational diabetes, Body mass index, Obesity, Diabetes outcome
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Abstract

Objectives: The main goal of this study was the investigation of the relationship between mother's gestational diabetes and body mass index (BMI) of three years old children.

Materials and Methods: We conducted a descriptive analysis of 100 diabetic pregnant women and 200 healthy pregnant women and their children referred to the maternity wards of teaching Hospital of Babol. The measurement of the height and weight of three years old children were done in the clinic.  

Results: The average age of mothers participating in this study was 23.73±3.03 years.The BMI and the birth weight of infants within the normal weight range in diabetic group was significantly more than the non-diabetic children ( 16.47± 1.42 kg/m2, 16.09±1.3kg/m2 , p= 0.04 , 330.33±214.12 g ,3130.65±242.75 g, p=0.001, respectively). The BMI of the male children of diabetic group were significantly more than the control group at the age of three years, But this difference was not significant in girls ( for boys 16.55±1.40 kg/m2,16.01±1.42 kg/m2, p=0.03 and  the girls 16.36±1.47 kg/m2 ,16.19±1.31 kg/m2 , p=0.53, respectively).

Conclusions: The findings of current study showed that children of mothers with gestational diabetes have a higher BMI than their peers, but its relationshipto gestational diabetes is not significant which after gender segregation these findings were significant for the boys but was not significant for the girls. BMI at three years of age had not significant relation to gestational diabetes.

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