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Oct 2018, Vol 6, Issue 4
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Original Article
Awareness, Attitude and Performance of Men Regarding Premenstrual Syndrome
Soheila Rabiepoor1, Atefeh Yas2
1Reproductive Health Research Center, Midwifery Department, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Urmia University of Medical Sciences. Student Research Committee of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran

IJWHR 2018; 6: 459–464
DOI: 10.15296/ijwhr.2018.76
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Keywords : Awareness, Attitude, Performance, Premenstrual syndrome, Men
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Abstract
Objectives: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is among the most widely recognized conditions affecting the women of childbearing age and includes a set of physical and mental symptoms. It can also affect the relationship between couples. The purpose of this study was to determine awareness, attitude, and performance of men regarding PMS.

Materials and Methods: As a cross-sectional study, it targeted a sample of 150 men from Urmia. To gather data, awareness and performance questionnaire (Morowati Sharifabad, 2013) and a researcher-made attitude questionnaire were employed. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 19.0. Descriptive statistics, t-test, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data.

Results: Twenty-two percent of the wives of the surveyed men had PMS and during the premenstrual stage, they had experienced most of the emotional symptoms (84%) and fluid retention (60.7%). The mean scores of awareness, attitude, and performance of men regarding PMS were 24.2 ± 4.45, 23.93 ± 5.35, and 43.10 ± 5.23, respectively. Men whose partners had PMS recorded a higher awareness and performance scores while getting lower than average scores regarding attitude. Thus, the difference in attitude between the 2 groups was statistically significant (P = 0.04). Besides, there was a significant relationship among awareness, attitude and the performance of men compared to each other (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: Men with wives who had PMS recorded a higher awareness and performance scores while they got lower than average scores regarding attitude in comparison with the ones whose wives did not suffer from PMS. In addition, there was a significant relationship between and among awareness, attitude, and performance of men concerning PMS of their wives.

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