|Low Back Pain Severity and Related Disability in Different Trimesters of Pregnancy and Risk Factors|
|Maryam Rabiee1, Niloofar Sarchamie1|
|Department of obstetrics and gynecologic Shahed university, Tehran, Iran|
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Keywords : Low back Pain, Severity, Disability, Pregnancy
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Objectives: The Purpose of this study is evaluating the severity of and disability caused by low back pain, comparing them in different trimesters, and identifying risk factors.
Low back pain is one of the most prevalent complications of pregnancy, which can cause significant disabilities. However, data on the intensity of and disability caused by low back pain during pregnancy arerare.
Methods and Materials: This is a cross-sectional study performed in 2013 on 514 pregnant women. A questionnaire on demographic information, severity of low back pain (based on VAS), and the Oswestry disability scale was filled by participants. Data were analysed by Man Whitney, one-way ANOVA, and linear regression using SPSS software. P-value below 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.
Results: In total, 69.09% of participants had low back pain. The mean severity of visual scale pain was 38.2 ± 10.88 and mean disability due to low back pain was 35.38 ± 18.30. The highest severity of pain, attributed to the second trimester, was 40.8 ± 21.7 and the highest disability score (37.13 ± 18.81) was observed in the third trimester. In total, 77.1% of pregnant women studied with low back pain had moderate to severe disability. There were meaningful associations of gestational ages, parity, and previous chronic lower-back pain with disability due to lower-back pain (p-value ˂ 0.05).
Conclusion: Low back pain during pregnancy is very prevalent and motives moderate to severe disability in the majority of pregnant women.
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