|Quality Of Life Specified For Polycystic Ovary Syndrome And its Relationship With Nutritional Attitude and Behavior|
|Parisa Yavarikia1, Sara Dousti2, Alireza Ostadrahimi3, Majid Mobasseri4, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili5|
|1Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Nutrition Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Endocrinology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
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Keywords : Polycystic ovary syndrome, Quality of life, Nutritional behavior, Nutritional attitude, Predictors
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Objectives: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a usual hormonal disorder that can lead to hirsutism, menstrual disorders, obesity, acne, and sometimes abortion and infertility. Considering the effect of PCOS-induced obesity on quality of life, the present study was aimed to evaluate the quality of life specified for polycystic ovary syndrome and its relationship with nutritional attitude and behavior.
Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study was done on 150 PCOS cases through available sampling in educational hospitals of Tabriz-Iran, 2015. The used tools included socio-demographic questionnaire, Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Questionnaire (PCOSQ), Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ-R18: uncontrolled eating (UE), cognitive restraint (CR), and emotional eating (EE)), and a questionnaire of eating attitudes (Eat-26: including food preoccupation, dieting, and oral control). Relationship of quality of life to nutritional attitudes and behaviors was evaluated by Pearson’s correlation and multivariate regression analysis. In this study, p<0.05 was significant.
Results: A mean quality of life score 16.58 ± 4.18 was obtained out of 0-35. Nutritional behavior averaged 42.28 ± 19.63 out of a min-max range of 18 to 72. Mean nutritional attitude score was 24.64 ± 12.55 from 0-78. Significantly inverse relationship was observed between the quality of life and nutritional attitude (p<0.001, r=-0.317), as well as nutritional behavior (p=0.015, r=-0.198) in participants. In the other words, the quality of life scores increased by decreasing nutritional attitude and behavior (positive attitude and behavior). Multivariate regression analysis showed that EE, dieting, and history of pregnancy were predictive variables affected quality of life.
Conclusion: There was a relationship between nutritional attitude and behavior with quality of life specified for polycystic ovary syndrome. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to nutritional and other predictors through a better health planning for these women.
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