|Intimate Partner Violence During The First Year After Childbirth In An Urban Area of Iran: Prevalence And its Predictors|
|Mahta Amiri1, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi2, Mojgan Mirghafourvand2, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili3, Fatemeh Ranjbar4|
|1Students’ Research Committee, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Research Center of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
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Keywords : Intimate partner violence, Injury, Women, Postpartum, Predictors, Iran
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Objectives: To assess prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV)in the first post¬partum year and its predictive factors in an urban area of Iran.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 398 women with a healthy infant aged 12 months were examined using revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2) to determine the prevalence of IPV. The data were collected at the public health centers in Tabriz-Iran from October 2015 to April 2016.The predictors were determined using multivariate binary logistic regression.
Results: More than half (58%) of the women reported experience of one or more instances of any formof IPV (psychological, physical, sexual and/or injury) and one third reported physical and/or sexual IPV in the first postpartum year. Reported prevalence of each form of IPV were: 54% psychological aggression, 21% physical assault, 21% sexual coercionand 13% injury. Predictor factors of overall IPV were: woman age less than 30years [adjusted odds ratio 2.0(95%CI (1.3 to 3.3)], unplanned pregnancy [1.6 (1.03 to 2.6)], husband disappointment about their baby’s gender[1.9 (1.1 to 3.2)] and inability to fully meet husband sexual expectations [1.6 (1.03 to 2.4)].
Conclusions: The IPV during postpartum is very common. Therefore, it is recommended toimplement IPV screening programs and effective strategies for IPV prevention in the health care settingsfor newly delivered women, emphasizing on the high risk women.
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