|Relation of Menopausal Symptoms’ Severity to Obesity, Smoking Habits, and Exercise in Middle-aged Jordanian Women|
|Ruba M Jaber1, Hana H Abu Hassan2, Malaak F Abuelayyan3, Jailan N Yasin3, Heba M Jaber3|
|1Department of Family and community medicine, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
2Department of Family and community medicine, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
3Family medicine Resident, MD, Department of Family and community medicine, The university of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
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Keywords : Exercise, Menopause, Obesity, Smoking, Quality of life
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Objective: We aimed at finding at the effect of menopausal transition as well as exercise, smoking and obesity on menopausal transition, and the impact of menopausal transition of women’s quality of life.
Materials and methods: Cross sectional study conducted at family medicine clinics at Jordan University Hospital. 359 women, who were 45 to 65 years old were included, Sociodemographic, smoking exercise and obesity, menopause status and symptoms, and quality of life were assessed by self-administered validated questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS.
Results: The mean age at menopause was 49.4 years. More than 38% of the participants practiced no or irregular exercise and slightly more than 92% have abnormal BMI of ≥25kg/m2. Women who practiced no or irregular exercise were significantly more likely to experience irritability, be mentally and physically exhausted, , report sexual problems, and muscles and joint discomfort ( p-value of < 0.05). Women with abnormal waist to hip ratio were statistically at increased risk of experiencing sexual problems.
Conclusion: Normal body weight and exercise that is regular and effective are considered key factors in the alleviation of menopausal symptoms during menopausal transition, specially the psychological /mental symptoms, muscle and joint discomfort. Women in Midlife stage should be counseled about menopausal transition and its effect of mental and physical health, and encouraged to maintain effective level of exercise. And to optimize body weight were possible.
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