|The Effects of Acupressure Comparing with Electroacupuncture in Primary Dysmenorrhea: A Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Katayun Qorbanalipour1, Fariba Ghaderi1, Mohammad Asgari Jafarabadi2|
|1Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Medical Education Research Center, Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
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Keywords : Primary Dysmenorrhea, Acupuncture, Acupressure, Electroacupuncture, SP6 (Saninjiao), SP4(Gongsun)
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Objectives: Dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation is a frequently observed fertility and femininity abnormality which occurs at the age of childbearing. Dysmenorrhea is treated by medical, complementary or surgical treatments. The aim of the present RCT study was to compare the effectiveness ofelectroacupuncture with acupressure treatment methods in reducing symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea.
Materials and methods: In this double blinded Randomized Clinical Trial (RCT) 64 female students who met the criteria were assigned by RAS software into two groups (Intervention group: electroacupuncture and Control group: acupressure). Pain according to VAS scale, menstrual distress severity according to Moos Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MMDQ) and the frequency of drug use during menstruation were measured tree times before and after treatment cycle and follow up cycle. Electroacupuncture and acupressure was done by applying electrical stimulation on needles or pressure in SP6 and SP4 points for 10 minutes in each side.
Results: The results showed a significant decrease of Moos Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (p=0.000) and VAS (p=0.000) in both groups but the rate of decline was higher in electroacupuncture group.
Conclusion: According to the results, it was revealed that treatment with electroacupuncture can also be suggested as a treatment in complementary medicine for treatment of primary dysmenorrhea which has no reported side effects.
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