|Physical Health and Maternal-Fetal Attachment among Women: Planned vs. Unplanned Pregnancy|
|Sedigheh Pakseresht1, Pegah Rasekh2, Marzieh Rahebi3, Ehsan Kazemnejad Leili4|
|1Department of Obstetrics, Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDHRC), Reproductive Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3Department of Nursing, Social Determinants of Health Research center (SDHRC), School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
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Keywords : Unplanned Pregnancy, Physical Health, Maternal-Fetal Attachment
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Objective: The present study aimed at comparing the physical health and maternal-fetal attachment in women with planned as well as unplanned pregnancy.
Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive-comparative study including 300 pregnant women (165 planned and 135 unplanned pregnancy) with mean age of 29.8±5.8 (age range of 16-50 years old) who had referred to the prenatal clinic of a hospital from September to October, 2016. The Maternal–Fetal Attachment was analyzed using frequency distribution of attachment scores which did not follow the normal distribution of the subscale totally and in specific (p>0.05 based on Kolmogorov-Smirnov). Therefore, to compare the scores of the two groups, non-parametric tests (Mann-Whitney) were used. To calculate the percentage of physical health of the groups, chi-square was used.
Results: Unplanned pregnancy was assumed as a predictor of physical health because it makes women susceptible to complicated problems (poor health) 5.42times more than other variables. In two groups of women with planned and unplanned pregnancies, the attachment score was statistically significant between planned and unplanned pregnancy groups, being higher in planned than unplanned pregnancy.
Conclusion: These results can be efficiently helpful due to their role in reproductive health counseling, education, and encouragement and problem-solving in various fields including psychological support of mothers in prenatal care and acceptance of parental role.
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