|Determinants of Marriage to First Birth Interval in Birjand, Iran: a Retrospective-prospective Cohort and Survival Analysis|
|Mohammadreza Miri1, Hakimeh Malaki Moghadam2|
|1Department of Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
2Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
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Keywords : First birth interval, childbirth, survival analysis, Kapaln Meier survival Estimate, Cox regression
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Objectives: The time interval between marriage and first childbirth (IMF) can affect fertility and pave the way to decreased fertility in future.
Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective and prospective cohort study incorporating a total of 180 couples from Birjand who were married in 2011. The data were collected by a checklist and subsequently assessed using survival analysis in STATA13 software.
Results: From among the participants, 55.2% had a child and the rest were censored. The man’s age at the time of marriage, the interval between marriage contract to marriage ceremony, type of marriage, wife’s place of birth, application of modern methods of contraception, family income per month, and tendency to have a son were the determining factors affecting IMF.
Conclusion: More than half of the freshman students admitted to universities across the country are women who will seek employment after they have graduated. Considerations must be made so that they can have both their desired number of children and suitable education and employment.
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