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Apr 2018, Vol 6, Issue 2
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Original Article
Educating Iranian Pregnant Women about Preventing Influenza A
Reza Sadeghi1, Narges Khanjani2, Ahmad Naghibzadeh Tahami3, Zohreh Karimian Kakolaki4
1Sirjan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences (KMU), Kerman, Iran
2Neurology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3Physiology Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
4Department of Health, school of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran


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Keywords : Influenza type A, Health Belief Model, KAP, Pregnant Women
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Abstract
Objective: Type A influenza is an upper respiratory tract disease. This study evaluates the efficiency of education based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) in promoting the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of pregnant women about preventing influenza type A in Sirjan, Kerman.

Design: This was a quasi-experimental study.

Methods: The population under study were 200 pregnant women who visited the health centers of Sirjan. These people were randomly divided into intervention (n = 100) and control (n = 100) groups. The educational intervention was conducted over two 60 minute sessions. Information was collected through a questionnaire (71 questions) before the intervention and three months after it. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, independent t-test, paired t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficients were calculated.

Results: After the intervention, the knowledge score in both groups increased. This was probably due to the routine training programs at those centers, but significant increases in attitude and practice were only observed in the intervention group (p<0.05). Furthermore, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, cues to action and efficacy increased significantly and perceived barriers decreased significantly in the intervention group.

Conclusions: HBM was effective in promoting the KAP of pregnant women in Sirjan for preventing type A influenza. Therefore, HBM can be used to help prevent influenza A in pregnant women.

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