|Cesarean Section Rate in A Sample of Primigravida Women in The Public Maternity Hospital in Erbil City of Iraq|
|Shahla Mehedi1, Jawad Al-Diwan2, Tariq Al-Hadithi3|
|1Directorate of Health, Mosul, Iraq
2Baghdad University, Community Medicine, Baghdad, Iraq
3Hawler Medical University, Community Medicine, Erbil, Iraq
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Keywords : Cesarean section, Primigravida; Infertility, Singleton pregnancy, Erbil
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Objective : The worldwide rise in the cesarean section rates might be associated with maternal factors and health care services. This study aimed to measure the rate of cesarean section in a sample of primigravidae women and find out the association of the cesarean section rate with the socio-demographic characteristics of pregnant women, pregnancy risk factors and the utilization of antenatal care services.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out from 1st of July, 2015 through 30th of June, 2016. The study sample included 400 primigravidae women with singleton pregnancy at the labor room of Erbil Maternity Teaching Hospital. A specially designed questionnaire was used for data collection. Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used in statistical analysis.
Results: The rate of cesarean section in the primigravidae women was 30%. Caesarean section was significantly associated with the increasing maternal age (P <0.001) and the history of treatment for infertility (P = 0.027). The cesarean section rates had a statistically significant (P <0.001) strong positive correlation (r = 0.84) with the maternal age and a significant (P <0.001) weak positive correlation (r = 0.005) with the gestational age.
Conclusion: The cesarean section rate in the primigravidae women was much higher than the "ideal rate" recommended by the WHO. Efforts should be undertaken to reduce the rate of cesarean delivery as recommended by the WHO.
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