|The Perspectives of Pregnant Women About Health-Promoting Behaviors: An Integrative Systematic Review|
|Azita Fathnezhad Kazemi1, Sepideh Hajian2, Mehrangiz Ebrahimi-Mameghani3, Mahdi Khabaz Khob4|
|1Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Midwifery & Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3Nutrition Research Center, School of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Noor Research Center for Ophthalmic Epidemiology, Noor Eye Hospital, Tehran, Iran
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Keywords : Health-promoting behaviors, Pregnancy, Lifestyle, Women
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Introduction: The adoption of health-promoting behaviors is an important strategy for achieving desirable pregnancy outcomes. It also affects maternal and neonatal health. The aim of this systematic review was to assess health-related behaviors in pregnancy.
Materials and Methods: In this systematic review, databases including Google Scholar, Web of Science, PubMed (MEDLINE), Scopus,Irandoc, SID, Magiran, Iranmedex and Proquest were searched for retrieving articles published from 1995 to 2016. English and Persian keywords used in this study were "health promotion","pregnancy" and their equivalents in Mesh. Screening and selection of articles was conducted in three stages by two investigators independently and the quality of studies was assessed using the NOS and COREQ scales.
Results: Of 2366 articles, 21 articles were included in this study. There were low and average scores of health-promoting behaviors among pregnant women. Various factors such as maternal demographic characteristics, pregnancy and environmental factors influenced this condition. The most important motivator for health behaviors was the health of the fetus and newborn. The level of knowledge pertaining to the adoption of a healthy lifestyle was insufficient, and main obstacles in dealing with health behaviors were time and a lack of a comprehensive approach in the healthcare system. Group activities and participation of men were considered facilitators. Nevertheless, due to differences in the study design and heterogeneous samples no similar results were achieved.
Conclusion: Improving our knowledge about the healthy lifestyle can improve pregnancy outcomes. In this regard, the need for carrying out well-designed studies in the social and cultural backgrounds for need assessment is suggested.
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