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Apr 2018, Vol 6, Issue 2
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Original Article
Perceptions of Pap Screening in a Context of HPV Vaccination
Spring Cooper1, Louise Bezzina2, Hayden Fletcher3
1CUNY School of Public Health, Community Health and Social Sciences, New York, USA
2University of Sydney, School of Psychology, Camperdown, Australia
3University of Sydney, Sydney Medical School, Camperdown, Australia


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Keywords : Papillomavirus Vaccines, Primary Prevention, Papanicolaou Test, Health Education, Reproductive Health
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Abstract
Objective: A development in the prevention of cervical cancer in women in Australia was the introduction of the HPV vaccine, which was made available to young women as part of a national school-based vaccination program in 2007. Despite this advancement, Pap screening is still required to provide optimal protection from cervical cancer. The current study aimed toexplore what young women know about HPV, HPV vaccination, and Pap screening guidelines. It further aimed to identify barriersand facilitators young women perceive to participating in screening, as well as factors influencing these perceptions.

Materials and Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 women who had been in school during the Australian HPV vaccination program and offered HPV vaccine, aged 18-25,until saturation around key themes was reached. Transcripts were analysed, letting themes emerge from the data.

Results: Key barriers and facilitators to pap screening were identified, as well as factors affecting the salience of these barriers and facilitators.

Conclusions: Findings have implications for the development of interventions to increase screening adherence and reduce the incidence of cervical cancer in this population.

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