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Oct 2017, Vol 5, Issue 4
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Original Article
A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Controlled Trial Comparing Parenteral Dextrose 5%, Ringer’s Solution and Oral Intake on the Delivery Outcomes in Nulliparas
Fahimeh Sehhatie Shafaie1, Hamideh Mohaddesi2, Mojgan Mirghafourvand1, Fatemeh Ahadi Yulghunlu3
1Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Maternal and Childhood Obesity Research Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

IJWHR 2017; 5: 283–289
DOI: 10.15296/ijwhr.2017.48
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Keywords : Type of delivery, nulliparous, dextrose, hydration, maternal outcome, Ringer’s solution
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Abstract
Objectives: According to the World Health Organization (WHO) statistics, the prevalence of C-section and unnecessary labor induction associated with adverse complications for the mother and baby is rising. This rate is higher in Iran, where many C-sections can be prevented by the proper management of labor and its duration. The present study was conducted to compare the effects of Ringer’s solution, dextrose solution 5% and oral intake on the delivery outcomes.

Materials and Methods: The present randomized clinical trial was conducted on 201 nulliparous women in labor assigned to 3 groups using a randomized block design, each receiving either Ringer’s solution plus oral fluids, dextrose solution 5% solution plus oral fluids or oral fluids alone. The solutions were intravenously administered at a rate of 125 mL/h in the groups receiving the solutions and the subjects in the oral fluids group could consume liquids of their choice (water, orange juice and apple juice). Delivery outcomes, including maternal outcomes (type of delivery, use of oxytocin and prolonged labor) and neonatal outcome (Apgar score) were recorded by the researcher. Data were analyzed using the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), the chi-square test and Fisher exact test.

Results: A significant difference was observed between the 3 groups in terms of administration of oxytocin (P < 0.001), cesarean section (P = 0.003), prolonged labor (P = 0.001) and the first minute Apgar (P = 0.003). However, no significant difference was observed in terms of the fifth minute Apgar score (P = 0.770).

Conclusion: The results suggest that the consumption of dextrose solution by nulliparous women reduces the C-section rate, the need for oxytocin administration, the frequency of prolonged labor and improve neonatal outcome compared to when Ringer’s solution and oral fluids are used.

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