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Apr 2018, Vol 6, Issue 2
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Original Article
Health Education Intervention on Knowledge and Accessibility of Antenatal Care Services Among Pregnant Women in Edu,Kwara State, Nigeria
Umar Jibril1, Garba Saleh2, Olusegun Badaki3, Emmanuel Ejembi4, Aliyu Umar5, Abdulkadir Kamal6
1University of Ilorin, Nieria, Nursing, Science, College of Health Scs, University of Ilorin, Kwara, Nigeria
2Department of Nursing Sciences, , Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kadana, Nigeria
3Department of Science Education, Human Kinetics and Health Education Unit, Federal University, Dutsinma,Katsina, Nigeria
4Department of Nurse Education, Research and Training Unit,, Ahmadu Bello Univ. Teaching Hospital,Zaria,Kaduna, Nigeria
5Department of Nursing Services, National Hospital Abuja, Nigeria , National Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria
6Department of Physical and health Education, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria


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Keywords : Antenatal Care Services, Community–Based Intervention, Health Education Intervention, Knowledge and accessibility, pregnant women
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Abstract
Objective: Poor knowledge about importance of attending antenatal clinic early and awareness on health risk during pregnancy among pregnant women prevented them from accessing antenatal care services early. This study examined the impact of Health Education Intervention (HEI) on antenatal care services accessibility by pregnant women in Edu Local Government Area, Nigeria.

Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental research of pre-test and post-test control group design was adopted. The ethical approval was sought from the leaders/Local Government Authority of the study areas. Researchers-designed questionnaire was used for data collection and split-half test of reliability was used to determine it reliability. One hundred and twenty pregnant women were exposed to ten weeks health education intervention after pre-test, 60 experimental group exposed to lectures on antenatal care services and 60 control group exposed to HIV/AIDS sessions, followed by post-test. The descriptive statistics was used to answer research questions while inferential statistics of t-test was used to test hypothesis at 0.05 significant levels.

Results: This study showed upward shift from pre-intervention mean of 71.08 to 93.33 post intervention mean in experimental groups which implied a positive impact of health education intervention on knowledge and willingness of pregnant women to access antenatal care services in Edu LGA.

Conclusion: This study concluded that health education intervention have positive impact on knowledge and willingness of pregnant women to access antenatal care services , hence HEI needs to be sustained to improve pregnant women health seeking behaviours about ANCS in Edu LGA.

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