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Jul 2017, Vol 5, Issue 3
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Original Article
Mother- Infant Attachment at 1- Year age in Recipients of Developmental Care after Preterm Birth
Shirin Hasanpour1, Elaheh Ouladsahebmadarek1, Mohammad Bagher Hosseini2, Mojgan Mirghafourvand3, Seifollah Heidarabadi4, Mohamad Asghari Jafarabadi5
1Women's Reproductive Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2Pediatric Health Research Center of Tabriz, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Department of Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4Department of Pediatrics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran


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Keywords : Attachment, Developmental care, Premature infant
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Abstract
Objective: Premature birth and subsequent admission to the neonatal intensive care unit impairs the mother-infant attachment process. The present study aimed to determine the impact of developmental care on the mother-child attachment at the modified age of 1 year.

Materials and methods: In a quasi-experimental study, 105 premature infants born in Al-Zahra Hospital of Tabriz at a gestational age of 26-32 weeks and a weight of≤ 1500 grams were assigned to three groups of 35. The control group, intervention group 1, and 2 received routine care, developmental care in the NICU and neonatal unit, developmental care from the delivery room or operation room, respectively. The mother-child attachment at the modified age of 1 year was measured using Maternal Postnatal Attachment Scale.

Results: The mean (standard deviation) score of the mother-child attachment at the modified age of 1 year in the control group, intervention group 1 and 2 was determined to be 83.8 (6.9), 81.7 (5.7), and 81.4 (6.7), respectively. The results indicated no significant difference between the three groups in terms of the score of mother-child attachment and its subscales.

Conclusion: In this study, high score of the mother-child attachment was observed in all three groups. Given the importance of developmental care and support for mothers of premature infants as well as the newness of developmental care in Iran, it seems necessary for authorities to pay more attention to this type of care and conduct further research on this subject.

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