|How Is The Quality And Quantity of Primary Dysmenorrhea Affected By Physical Exercises? A Study Among Iranian Students|
|Fatemeh Fallah1, Mani Mirfeizi2|
|1Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University,Karaj ,Iran
22 Department of Midwifery, College of Nursing & Midwifery, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University,Karaj ,Iran
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Keywords : Physical activity, Massage, Stretching, Primary dysmenorrhea
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Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of three exercise programs for reducing symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea among some Iranian school girls.
Methods: This randomized clinical trial study was conducted on 70 students aged 15-18 years with primary dysmenorrhea. They were randomly were divided into four following groups; stretch group (N=19), massage group (N=19) ,combined group (N=21) and control group(N=19) for evaluating the effect of 8 weeks physical activity, three sessions a week, twice a day, 10 minutes for massage group, 20 minutes for stretching group and 20 minutes for combination group and without exercise for control group on primary dysmenorrhea. For evaluating the intensity and severity of pain as the main outcome McGill’s questionnaire were used.
Results: The results revealed that performing a regular physical activity significantly reduced objective severity of dysmenorrhea pain (<0.05), Pain Rate Index (PRI ) (<0. 05), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) (<0. 05), Present Pain Intensity (PPI) and total pain according to MC Gill’s short form questioner (TP) (<0. 05) and volume of bleeding (<0.05) in the three groups.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that lifestyle modifications like some physical activity, decreases the quality and quantity of pain in primary dysmenorrhea such as duration and intensity of pain.
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