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Jul 2017, Vol 5, Issue 3
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Original Article
An Investigation Into Effects of Prenatal Care Instruction At Home on Breast- Feeding Self-Efficacy of First- Time Pregnant Women Referred to Shiraz Clinics, IRAN
Hamideh Mohseni1, Iran Jahanbin2, Eghbal Sekhavati3, Reza tabrizi4, Maasoumeh Kaviani1, Fariba Ghodsbin1
1Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shiraz, Iran
2Shiraz Geriatric Research Center & Community Health Nursing Department, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Shiraz, Iran
3Health Policy Research Center ,Larestan School of medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran
4Health Policy Research Center, Shiraz University of medical sciences, Shiraz, Iran


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Keywords : Instruction at home, Prenatal care, Breast feeding self-efficiency, First-time pregnant women
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Abstract
Objective: Mother's milk is very complex biologic liquid for babies. It is strongly recommended that babies be feed exclusively by mother's milk for the first six months of baby's life and continuing it until she is two years old. The mothers' self- efficiency is a main factor to predict the breast-feeding duration. Therefore, regarding to the significance of instructing mothers and its effects on breast-feeding efficiency, this research was conducted to investigate the effects of pregnancy care instruction at home on breast-feeding efficiency of first-time pregnant women.

Materials and Methods: In this clinical proficiency research, 65 first-time pregnant women, in their last 3- months of pregnancy, which referred to the clinics related to Shiraz medical school, were studied two groups of treatment and control. The research instruments were two questionnaires, one of which contained demographic characteristics and-the other one- was Denis breast-feeding potency. Six sessions of educational programs were conducted for the treatment group at home (three sessions in the last 3 months of pregnancy and three sessions for the first, second, and sixth weeks after delivery (childbirth). Meanwhile, a questionnaire on breast-feeding potency was filled out and analyzed in both groups.

Results: Both groups were the same in demographic variables. In variance analysis test, three was a significant difference in the mean scores of breast-feeding potency between the two groups (P<0.001). Conclusion: Instruction of pregnancy care (at home), focusing on feeding by mother's milk, is effective in increasing the efficacy of mother's breast-feeding.

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