|BChE (Butryl cholinesterase ) as Biomarker Of Occupational Exposure Among Female Cotton Workers|
|Aima Iram Batool1, Syeda Humaira Jabeen1, Naima Huma Naveed2, Fayyaz Ur Rehman2, Iram Inayat1, Fareeha Idrees1, Asma Noreen1, Hakim Bibi1|
|1Department of Zoology, University of Sargodha,Pakistan
2Department of Botany, University Of Sargodha,Pakistan
3University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
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Keywords : BChE, pesticides, cotton picker, females
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Objectives: Lack of safety measures and awareness about health effects associated with pesticides exposure among cotton picking females are contributing to decrease the health quality of those workers. The activity of BChE act as potential biomarker of exposure of pesticides among these females. Our study was aimed to determine the relationship between decreasing activity of BChE level in serum with pesticides exposure in female cotton pickers that can lead towards health impairments.
Materials and Methods: The butyrylcholinesterase level in serum samples of 50 cotton picker females were compared to 50 controls using the T-test. A questionnaire was prepared and asked to female workers related to precautionary measures work history and personal informations.
Results:Serum butyrylcholinesterase activity in exposed females was (6194.80 U/L) as compared to non-exposed females (7209.77U/L). Our studies confirm and extend the association between educed BChE activity and pesticides exposure. BChE activity could be used as an assessment tool for pesticides poisoning among exposed workers. In regard to precautionary measures none of the females were using gloves or eye glasses .Face mask was used by only 10% females to protect themselves. 30% of females do not take bath or wash their hand and face after picking, Almost all females were found to eat and drink during picking.
Conclusion: Pesticide exposure along with no safety measures was decreasing the BChE activity among exposed female workers that can be responsible for deranging physiological responses of their body.
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