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Jul 2017, Vol 5, Issue 3
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Original Article
The Effect of Yoga on Women’s Premenstrual Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Mahin kamalifard1, Abbas Yavari2, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi3, Ghafoureh Ghaffarilaleh1, Ahmad Kasb-Khah4
1Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran
2Department of Physical Education, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran
3Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Science, Tabriz, Iran
4Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran 4Yoga Coach, Tabriz, Iran


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Keywords : Yoga, PMS, Emotional, Physical, Behavioral, Quality of life
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Abstract
Objective: Women with pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) show emotional, physical and behavioral symptoms regularly every month. Mild physiological symptoms of PMS appear in 95% of women at their reproductive age. We hypothesized to evaluate yoga exercise on pre-menstrual syndrome.

Material and Methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial conducted from April-October of 2015. Eligible women for inclusion were selected conveniently from referred women to randomly selected obstetrics and gynecology private clinics in Tabriz, Iran. Thereafter, 62 subjects selected for the study. Subjects randomly divided into two groups: 31 subjects for yoga and 31 for subjects control groups with blocks 4 and 6. The yoga group performed yoga for 10 weeks in 3 sessions which each session had duration of 60 minutes. Subjects of control did not do any yoga. Subjects completed Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool (PSST) questionnaires for evaluation of yoga exercise on emotional, behavioral, physical symptoms thoroughly quality of life of subjects with PMS before and after. Data were analyzed by covariance.

Results: The Mean ± SD emotional, physical, behavioral symptoms and impact of yoga exercise on quality of life in yoga were 26.28±16.54, 32.69±20.81, 10.90±14.10, 22.8±14.56, and in the control group were 54.91±21.31, 72.01±22.24, 44.05±22.32, 54.00±20.33, (P<0.05), respectively.

Conclusion: Results produced from analyzing data show that yoga significantly relieves the PMS symptoms and can be prescribed for treatment of PMS.

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