|Comparison of the Effect of Melissa Officinalis Capsule and Care-educational Programs on the Intensity of Physical, Mental and Social Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome in High School Female Students|
|Marzieh Akbarzadeh, Zinab Moshfeghy, Mansureh Dehghani, Masomeh Emamghoreishi, Pouran Tavakoli, Najaf Zare|
|Department of Midwifery,Shiraz University Medical Science, Shiraz, Iran|
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Keywords : premenstrual syndrome, Melissa officinalis, physical, mental ,education, student
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Objective: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the psychosomatic problems related to women's reproductive function, which is associated with emotional and mood symptoms such as anger, anxiety and irritability. The current study aimed to compare the effect of Melissa officinalis capsule and care-educational programs on the intensity of physical, mental and social PMS in the high school girls.
Materials & Method:This study was a randomized, placebo-controlled trial which was conducted on 200 high school girls with premenstrual syndrome who were randomly allocated into four groups in Shiraz. The first group received 600 mg of M. officinalis essence daily from the first to the last day of their menstrual cycle for three consecutive cycles; the second and third groups received care-educational program and placebo respectively, and the last one was the control group. The data were analyzed using paired t-test and repeated measure's analysis of variance.
Results: The results of repeated measure's test revealed a significant reduction in three determined times: pre-intervention, one and two consecutive months after the intervention (P<0.001) in physical, psychological and social aspects of PMS symptom's intensity, and this varied in different groups (P<0.001). The extent of changes varied over time and types of the group, so the control and placebo groups had the least symptom changes over the time.
Conclusion: Melissa officinalis capsule and care-educational programs were much more effective in reduction of physical, mental and social symptom's severity of premenstrual syndrome compared to the control and placebo groups.
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