|Lifestyle Related Fertility Disorders in North Jordan: Potential for Improvement|
|Jehan Hamadneh1, Zouhair Amarin2, Shereen Hamadneh3, Nail A. Obeidat4, Manal Kassab5, Mahmoud Bani Hani6|
|1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and technology (JUST), Irbid, Jordan
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and technology (JUST), Irbid, Jordan
3Department of Maternal Child Health, Faculty of Nursing, Al-Albayt University, Mafraq, Jordan
4Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and technology (JUST), Irbid, Jordan
5Department of Maternal and Child Health , Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and technology, Jordan. University of Western Sydney (UWS)
6Department of Surgery, Medical Director of Princess Basmah Teaching Hospital, Breast Oncoplastic Surgery, Ministry of Health,Irbid, Jordan
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Keywords : Fertility, Lifestyle, Stress, Behavior
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Objective: To explore prevalence rates of lifestyle practices linked to fertility disorders.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study, using a validated questionnaire, was conducted among sub-fertile couples attending the fertility center at Jordan University of Science and Technology between February 2013 and August 2014.
Results: 126 couples took part in the study. The average length of sub-fertility was 4.2 years. The mean age of the women was 31 years, of whom 70 % were<35 years of age. Over 6 % engaged in regular sporting activity. Less than 1 % of women smoked more than five cigarettes per day. For male partners, the mean age was 36 years, of whom 85.7 % were<45 years of age. Over 22 % engaged in regular sporting activity. None was taking anabolic steroids on a regular basis.
Almost 39 % of men smoked more than five cigarettes per day. The percentage of patients that took advantage of the woman's "fertile days" on 6 occasions over the preceding 6 months was 29.37 %. Low stress was encountered in 24.21 %, intermediate stress in 40.08 %, and high stress in 34.52 % of couples. The most frequent cause of stress was delay in achieving pregnancy. Almost 4 % of women displayed two or more risk factors, compared to 11.1 % in their male counterparts.
Conclusion: Behavior-related fertility disorders are common in Jordan. Modifying lifestyle factors for better reproductive health is highly recommended.
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