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Jul 2017, Vol 5, Issue 3
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Original Article
Health-promoting Behaviours and Self-Efficacy of Physical Activity during Pregnancy: An Interventional Study
Leila Ghahremani1, Monireh Alipoor1, Sedighe Amoee2, Sareh Keshavarzi3
1Department of Health Education & Promotion, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, School of Medicine, Shiraz university of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran


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Keywords : Pregnancy, Health-promoting behaviours, Self-efficacy
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Abstract
Objective: Health-promoting behaviours during pregnancy are those that encourage or improve health-related quality of life, both maternal and foetal. They also decrease risk factors. The present study aims to investigate the effects of health education on health-promoting behaviors in pregnant women in Mahshahr, Southern Iran

Materials and Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study. It has a pre-test/post-test design and a control group. The study was conducted with 78 pregnant women selected by random sampling. Educational intervention was performed for the intervention group. The research data was collected using a socio-demographic questionnaire, health-promoting lifestyle, and physical activity self-efficacy before and one month after the intervention. Then, the data was analysed using t-test, χ2 test, and regression analysis.

Results: The findings showed a significant difference between the two groups. This included the mean score of health-promoting behaviours, subscale, and physical activity self-efficacy one month after intervention.

Conclusion: The current study results deduced that effective training led to an increase in the mean score of health-promoting behaviours, particularly physical activity and stress management.

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