|Investigating the Relationship of Demographic Factors, The Religious Orientation With The Reproductive Behavior of Employed Women in Tehran, Iran|
|Marzieh Saei Gharenaz1, Giti Ozgoli2, Famimeh Hajizadeh2, Zohre Sheikhan2, Malihe Nasiri3, Sharareh Jannesari2|
|1Department of Reproductive and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti Medical University, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Reproductive and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti Medical university, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Statistic, Shahid Beheshti Medical University, Tehran, Iran
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Keywords : Reproductive behavior, Religious, Women, Employed
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Objectives: Changes in the fertility rate over the past three decades in Iran, warn us of the reduced rate of the fertility and negative population growth and fear of population aging in coming years. Given the nationwide importance of the fertility behavior in the country's economic and social growth, this study aimed to determine the relationship of the demographic factors and the religious orientation with the reproductive behavior of women working in the Tehran City, Iran.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 200 women working in the health care centers affiliated with the Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and the selected education centers of Tehran and who met the inclusion criteria, were selected using convenience sampling method. Moreover, the data were collected using reproductive behavior and Religious Attitude Questionnaires developed by Golriz and Baraheni and the Demographic Questionnaire.
Results: The findings showed that a total of 63.5% and 36.5% of women were working in the health care centers and educations centers, respectively. There is a meaningful and reverse correlation between the reproductive behavior and the religious orientation in the present study. (r=-0.23, p> 0.05).There was a statistically significant difference between the place of employment and the reproductive behavior score (p> 0.05), in a way that the average score for the reproductive behavior of women working in the healthcare centers was higher compared with that of women working in the education centers.
Conclusion: The results of the present study indicate that the religious orientation affects the working women's reproductive behavior. Thus, providing the perfect ground to promote religious beliefs can play a prominent role in balancing individuals' reproductive behavior.
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