|Assessing the Relative Contribution of Causes Leading to Cesarean Section Among Women Who had Referred to ShahidMadani Clinic in Marand City|
|Zahra Ghanbari1, Rana Shokouhmand2, HakimehKhatoon Asadi2, Shirin Naghizadeh2, Fatemeh Chupani3|
|1Faculty of Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran
2Marand Health Network System, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3Faculty of Medicine, Department of Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
IJWHR 2014; 2: 026-029
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Keywords : Cesarean Section, Fear of Labor Pain, Indication of Cesarean Section
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Objectives: Cesarean section is a surgical procedure and it is performed when the normal vaginal delivery is not available or vaginal delivery is dangerous for mother or fetus. In other words, there are some special indications for cesarean section. In the past decade the rate of cesarean delivery in the absence of clear indications has increased. This subject suggests an intensive research and attention. This study has compared the causes of cesarean delivery among women.
Material and methods: 100 women who had referred to Shahid Madani Clinic in Marand city, were asked based on questionnaire that included information about patients and a list of causes that could lead women to a cesarean delivery.Thereafter,the contribution of each cause was assessed.
Results: Fear of labor pain is the most common cause of cesarean delivery (35%) while having history of previous caesarean section, fear of disturbing the anatomy of external genitalia , medical indication for caesarean section and cultural beliefescaused with lower rate in comparsion to fear of labor pain. were placed in lower classes.
Conclusion: This study showed that, several factors may lead women to caesarean delivery; The fear of labor pain is the most common factor that could be reduced by proper training and holding childbirth preparation classes for pregnant women.
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