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Jan 2017, Vol 5, Issue 1
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Original Article
The Impact of Educational Intervention Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior in Choosing Delivery Mode in Primigravida Pregnant Women
Sahar Ghasemi1, Mahin Nazari1, Homeyra Vafaei2, Mohammad Fararouei 3
1Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Public Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2Maternal-fetal Medicine Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
33Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

IJWHR 2017; 5: 47-54

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Keywords : Educational intervention, Theory of planned behavior, Delivery mode, Primiparity, Pregnancy
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Abstract
Objectives: In recent years, despite medical advances, the Cesarean Section (CS) rate and its associated complications remain very high in Iran. This is while the CS carries serious risks for mother and child.

Materials and Methods: clinics affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences for receiving prenatal care in winter 2014. After a pre-test by using a valid and reliable questionnaire in both groups, educational intervention was provided for the intervention group. The post-test was conducted after one month of the intervention. Then, the data were analyzed by the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.

Results: The findings showed a significant statistical differences between two groups’ behavioral beliefs, outcome evaluation, attitude, control beliefs, perceived power, and perceived behavioral control scores after intervention (P<0.05).

Conclusion: As the results showed, it is recommend using national health-care policies for planning, implementation and evaluation of training programs based on the theories of behavioral changes, in order to promote the culture of normal vaginal delivery (NVD) and decreasing the rate of CS.

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